February 08, 2024

Ginkgo Biloba Plant Uses & Benefits 

Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo biloba) is a deciduous, medium-sized tree. It belongs to the Ginkgo family (Ginkgoaceae). What is interesting about it is that its existence was already established when the dinosaurs existed (Jurassic period), and it has not changed until today.
The medicinal tree is the oldest tree species, existing for about 200 million years. Ginkgo biloba is the only tree of its kind in modern times, it has no relatives. It is classified in its own separate division Ginkgophyta, containing a single class Ginkgoopsida, order Ginkgoales, family Ginkgoaceae, genus Ginkgo. In this aspect, the definition with which it is historically called - "living fossil" is interesting 

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Ginkgo Biloba Tree
20-40 m tall tree. Individual specimens reach a height of up to 50 meters. The shape of the crown has sharp outlines, and the branches in it are long and inconsistently located. The root system is deep, which makes the tree resistant to snow and wind. It has a soft and light wood. Forms aerial roots and shoots.
The leaves are fan-shaped, 5-8 cm wide, with long petioles of 7-8 cm. On the short branches of ginkgo biloba, they are arranged in rosettes, and on the longer ones, singly. They have a very characteristic fan-shaped shape, with a single division at the top. The venation of the petiole is interesting. Each vein coming from the petiole divides into two, which also give two branches, and so on to the edge of the leaf. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow and falls in 1 to 15 days.
The tree's wild status is disputed, with it believed to have been extinct for centuries as a wild plant. In the wild, ginkgo biloba is found only in a small area in eastern China. Cultivation of ginkgo in the Far East began 1500 years ago.
Useful part of Ginkgo Biloba
The leaf mass of the plant is used.

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Chemical composition of ginkgo biloba
The following substances have been isolated from the herb
  • flavonoids;
  • biflavonyls (glinketin, etc.);
  • catechins;
  • quercetin;
  • kaempferol;
  • ginkgolide;
  • waxes;
  • bilobalide;
  • gincolic acid;
  • lactones;
  • sitosterol;
  • anthocyanins;
  • vitamins P and C;
  • terpenolactones.
Medicinal properties and application of Ginkgo Biloba
  • Action of ginkgo biloba
  • stimulates blood circulation and blood circulation;
  • improves cerebral blood supply;
  • improves the functions of the central nervous system;
  • suppresses arteriosclerotic processes in the circulatory system;
  • improves memory;
  • stimulates the brain;
  • antioxidant;
  • lowers cholesterol;
  • participates in the regulation of energy metabolism;
  • eliminate free radicals;
  • protects cells from destruction, degeneration;
  • protects against colitis.
  • Direct action of ginkgo biloba on the circulatory system
  • improves circulation of the brain and limbs;
  • improves the structure and increases the resistance of capillaries;
  • reduces the permeability of capillary vessels;
  • counteracts platelet aggregation;
  • strengthens the tone of venous blood vessels;
  • maintains the elasticity of blood vessels.

 

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Ginkgo extract effectively affects an individual's memory and slows down brain aging. It also contains a toxic ingredient - gincolic acid. Its presence in the extract is inevitable, it is important that its concentration does not exceed the safe dose. Do not consume products that contain more than 5 ppm of gincolic acid. It damages DNA, creates prerequisites for the development of cancer, disrupts the functions of the immune system.

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